Events in the first decades of the church made necessary the teachings Paul included in Romans. The following five events introduced questions and concerns that Paul, through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, addresses in his letters, especially the letter to the Romans.
- Israel as a nation rejected the gospel again (Acts 4)
- Peter, eating meats, and Cornelius (Acts 10)
- Requiring circumcision and the Jerusalem Council (Acts 11)
- Paul’s confrontation of Peter’s duplicity (Galatians 2)
- Jewish persecution of the church (Acts 5-8)